Wednesday, 27 February 2013

e-commerce company based in Seattle, Wash., U.S., which was one of the first companies to sell goods online.
Founded in 1994 and launched in 1995 by American Jeff Bezos, began as an online bookstore run from Bezos's garage by a staff of four. As demand for online shopping grew around the world in the late 1990s, diversified into new product areas, including digital video discs (DVDs), compact discs (CDs), toys and games, electronic goods, home furnishings, and jewelry. Despite continuing expansion, the company maintains its innovative customer-focused approach to online selling. was incorporated in 1997 and had its first profitable quarter in 2001.
Within just a few years of starting operations, opened international branches in the United Kingdom and Germany (1998), France and Japan (2000), Canada (2002), and China (2004). also began acquiring and launching other online sites, including,,, and the Internet Movie Database. has been at the forefront of developing new technologies. For example, the company added personalized shopping wish lists that customers could use to keep track of goods that they desired but were not ready to buy; the lists could be made public to share with family and friends choosing gifts. also features community information forums, where customers can review and rate individual goods. The company provides third-party sellers the opportunity to use its Web sites to sell new or used goods or to join's Affiliate Program to earn money for referrals.
In 2000 began selling electronic books, or e-books, typically priced at $9.99, and in 2007 released the Kindle, a portable digital reader with a 6-inch screen and built-in free wireless access to the company's Internet store for purchasing and downloading e-books and electronic newspaper editions. In February 2009 the company released an updated model, the Kindle 2, with a larger storage capacity and improved battery life, and three months later they began taking preorders for the Kindle DX, a model with a 9.7-inch screen and native support for Adobe System Incorporated's PDF file format. Because PDF files may contain graphic elements, many textbook publishers joined newspaper publishers in offering electronic editions for the Kindle DX.
In addition to selling e-books for Kindle devices, sells e-books formatted for Apple Inc.'s iPhone.

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